EDUCATION

The Education sector is one of the key sectors that is receiving very good support from the FCTA and this is translating positively on the people. For example there are 100 Early Child Care Centres spread across the six Area Councils with a total enrolment of 9542 (4824 males and 4718 females) in the 2008/2009 academic session. It has a total of 467 Public Primary Schools located across the six Area Councils and a total of 182,222 pupils (male – 91703 and female – 90513) in 2008/2009 academic session. There are 93 Junior Secondary Schools with total of 70720 students (male 36740 and female 33980) in the 2008/2009 academic session. The Public Senior Secondary School has a total enrolment figure of 36110 for the 2008/2009 session. The total number of qualified teachers is as follows;
• Early Child Care – 176 (10 Males and 166 Females)
• Primary - 5147 (Male 2154 and Female 2883)
• JSS - 2093 (Male 907 and Female 1186)
• SSS – 2313 (Male 1042 and Female 1271)
The Survey tried to seek respondents’ opinion about the followings:

• Existence of school in the communities

• Children in school and reasons for those not school

• Transition rate from primary school to secondary school

• Expenses incurred for male and female children at different classes of primary and secondary schools

• Existence and functionality of library in primary schools.

• Participation of parents in managing schools – membership of PTA

The enrolment figure provided by the Primary Schools visited showed boy to girl ratio of 1:1 (Total boys 391921 and Girls 385595). This is very good and goes to show the effectiveness of Government Policy programme on girl child education in FCT.
About 17.4% of the primary schools visited have Library, while only 36.8% of the existing Library are functional, 63.2% are not functional.
About 95.1% of the Primary School have functional PTA while only 4.9% do not have PTA.

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FINDINGS  

Available Schools

The total number of Government Schools indentified from the survey was not in complete deviance from the statistics existing with Education Secretariat. For example, a total of 464 Primary School were identified as against 467 in the existing record. The Junior Secondary School (JSS) record with the Secretariat is 93 but the survey identified 100.

Distance of Schools from Communities

About 85% of the respondents said that Schools (mostly Primary and Junior Secondary School), are located between 0 – 3km from their communities while only about 2% of the respondents said that schools are located as far as above 9km form them. The distance measured in km is only an estimate as no formal measurement was undertaken.

Safety of Access Road to Schools

Generally, the roads to the schools are considered good without much difficulty faced by students in going to School. However there are some communities where the road leading to the schools are not good and are considered unsafe for pupils and children walking to school especially during raining season. The table below shows that about 70% of the respondents across the six Area Councils consider the roads to the school to be safe while about 14% said the road to their schools are not safe.

Participation of Community Members in Primary School Management

Among the people that responded to the question of participation in Primary School management like being a member of PTA, about 80% are active members and only about 8% of the respondents are not participating in the management of the schools in any form.

School Calendar and Presence of Adult Education in Communities

The respondents option were sought regarding the present school calendar and overwhelmingly 98% of the people are satisfied with the calendar and do not think that the Government should change it. On the other hand, Adult Education is not common in the communities. About 89% of the respondents acknowledged that there is no Adult Education in their community while only 11% of the respondents confirmed having Adult Education in their Community. Given the role of Education in Societal building and number of rural communities in FCT where majority of the people are illiterate farmers, it is necessary to intensify efforts in establishing Adult Education in every community.

Children of 2-4 Years in School

About 39% of the households interviewed (table 91above) have children of School age (2 – 4 years) in school. The analysis showed that about 14% and 10% have one and two persons respectively. Meanwhile about 4% have over 4 persons of the same age in school.

For the children not in school, the following reasons were offered. About 6% and 44% of the respondents said that they follow parents to market and farm respectively. While half of the respondent said that they are left playing at home.

Households with Children in Institution of Higher Learning

About 21% of the Household interviewed have children in Institution of Higher Learning while about 78% of the households do not have any child in Institution of higher learning.

Transition from Primary to Secondary School

A total of 1954 persons responded to the question on number of children that transit from Primary School to Secondary School. Each of the respondents had one or more children that transited from primary school to secondary school. The survey showed that about 35% had one person that transited to secondary school while about 11% had over 4 children that transited to secondary school.

On the reasons why some children do not transit to secondary school about 43% of the respondents attributed the non transition to lack of money to sponsor the children to secondary school, while about 11% said that secondary school are too far from them.
On the questions of children with special needs, a total of 3393 responses were recorded out which about 4% confirmed having children with special needs.

Literacy Rate

Among the respondents that were interviewed across the six Area Councils, about 49% can read and write in any language. However, from the table below, it shows that literacy rate differs from one Area Council to another. In AMAC it is about 67% while in Abaji it is as low as 37%.

Ownership of Schools

The table below shows the percentage statistics of school ownership within the communities in FCT. The data presented shows that over 91% of the respondents agreed that the Government owns Primary and Secondary Schools in their Communities. This is in agreement with the findings in the 2008 survey that states that the Government owns 91% of the schools in the communities.

Assessment of Conditions of the Schools

The assessment of the conditions of the schools reveals that about 59% of the respondents rated the condition of primary school buildings within their communities to be in good state, 76% and 92% rated JSS and SSS building to also be in good condition respectively. Among the three levels of education measured, Primary School building is not very satisfactory as about 35% of the respondents said the Primary School buildings within their communities are not good and about 5% said children still sit under the tree.

On the state of furniture within the three levels of schools, about 26% of the respondents said the furniture in the primary Schools within their communities are not adequate, while 26% and 20% said that the furniture in the JSS and SSS within their communities are not adequate.

Teachers and Text Books

A total of 1818 persons responded to the question on whether there are enough Teachers in the Government Primary Schools within their community and 82% said they are not enough while only about 18% said that there are enough Teachers. On the other hand, 90% rated the quantity of text books in the schools as not enough and 10% adjudged the textbooks to be enough.

 A detailed FCT Baseline Data  is available for download or view on a restricted domain. To download or view the detailed FCT Baseline Data you need to send a request to Request Now  for  a user name and password to access the FCT Baseline Data page.

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